It is not my intention to elicit any provocation against specific Somali clan(s), it is only meant to determine if my own stereotypical observation of the general ethnic Somalis is also consistent with how they perceive the marginalized(0.5) groups in Somalia.
Somali social structure is built up in such a way that first preference is given to tribe (clan) values and the individual choice follows afterwards. Their culture somewhat famously, there are rich ethnical stereotypes about certain groups, and in their case it’s almost always negative. The groups that suffered from ethnical clan supremacy are Yibros, Bantus, Gabooye (Madhiban) and other outcast groups that suffer nobility marginalization by the so-called “four major” clans that are ethnically Cushitic. These groups suffered from different types of clan and ethnical stereotypes and supremacy. Gabooye and Yibros distinguishable based on their genealogy while Bantu were stereotyped based on their physical appearance. Derogatory terms to describe the Somali Bantu include, Oji, Jareer, Adoon, Fuuf, and etc. For example, whoever visited Kenya for the last two decades, it is usual to see/hear Somalis calls Kenyans “Adoomey” or “Adoonta” which translate as “slave(s).” Traditionally, the so-called “four major” clans are prohibited from marrying people of the Gabooye, Yibros and Bantu caste. Marrying these groups were considered as taboo to the “4.0” clans. These groups is officially considered as half “0.5” (second class citizens) in the Somalia’s political arena.
Additionally, these groups (0.5) have received minimum interest from Somali academicians to tell their historical stories. Almost all “4.0” Somali scholars write “Somali’s are one of the most homogeneous people in the world” which is misleading and condescending theory. If this view is true why do these groups suffer marginalization and discrimination in their own motherland? These so-called “four major” (4.0) clans are known as having delusions of grandeur and superiority complexes. Their clansmen, politicians and academicians always defend their clan’s supremacy and other interested antithetical to the interests of the outcast groups.
Somali political system is based on a “4.5” clan structure, meaning major government positions were split between the “four main” clans (4.0). The remaining “0.5” share was given to a grouping of ostracized clans sometimes called “the Fifth clan” second class citizens. For example, when the current Somali members of the parliament meet to make a national deal, every members takes a hardline position in-line with his own clan’s interest as he or she believe that they represent their own clan through 4.5 power sharing system(Apartheid formula system) which makes the national interest out of the thought. This system was not adopted based on ideology other than clan supremacy.
This strict caste system traditionally organizes the clans into a fixed hierarchy of noble to inferior. The Yibros, Bantus, and Gabooye (Madhiban) are the victim clan of Somalia. They work hard and want no beef with anyone. Unfortunately, they are being bossed around by these“4.0” groups.